Colony
Year Settled
English Colony
Reasons for Settlement
New England Colonies



Massachusetts Bay
1620
1630
Religious freedom
Connecticut
1633
1636
Religious freedom, agriculture
Rhode Island
1636
1644
Religious freedom
New Hampshire
1623
1679
Commercial venture
Middle Colonies



New York
1626
1664
Trade, agriculture
New Jersey
1626
1664
Trade, agriculture
Pennsylvania
1642
1681
Religious freedom
Delaware
1638
1701
Trade
Southern Colonies



Virginia
1607
1607
Commercial venture
Maryland
1634
1632
Religious freedom; buffer against Dutch
North Carolina
1650s
1712
Agriculture
South Carolina
1669
1729
Agriculture
Georgia
1733
1732
Debtor colony; buffer against Spanish