Even before the battles of Lexington and Concord,

North Carolinians

had taken steps to separate themselves from the clutches of the British.

When first Governor Tryon, then his successor, Josiah Martin, tried to

shut down the Assembly, Speaker John Harvey continued to correspond

with protestors in other colonies




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The Battle of Moore’s Creek Bridge

After the death of John Harvey in 1775, other leaders like Cornelius

Harnett and Richard Caswell led the province. The Provincial Congress

set up defense measures, created a loyalty oath for everyone to take, authorized

the enlistment of soldiers to fight in the war, and issued paper

money to pay for everything.



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Was there a mecklenburg declaration of independence?

North Carolina has a distinctive

state flag. Not only is it red, white,

and blue, but it also has two

important dates on it. One is May

20, 1775, when the people of

Mecklenburg County declared

themselves free of British authority.


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Halifax Resolves

The British attempt to invade the province convinced many North

Carolinians that their conflict could not be settled peacefully. William

Hooper, a delegate to the Continental Congress, wrote home that “it would

be Toryism to hint [at] the possibility of future reconciliation.”



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State Constitution

Once independence was declared, and the United States created by

an act of the Continental Congress, North Carolina officially went from

being a colony to a state. As a state, North Carolina had to come up with

its own rules to govern itself.



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Governing the New State

The new legislature in the new state faced many challenges

in its early years. Under the first governor, Richard

Caswell, it had to protect its citizens from Tories and other

potential threats.



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