North Carolina was a slave state, but compared to other places in the South, slavery did not seem as dominant. During the first half of the ninteenth century, in any given year, about one in four North Carolina families owned slaves.


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Slavery in North Carolina

Slaves were found in every North Carolina county. Even mountain counties, where poor soil and remote location hindered any kind of economic growth, had slaves as part of their population.

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North Carolina Population, 1830-1860





Year
White
Slave
Total


1830
492,386
245,601
737,987


1840
507,602
245,817
753,419


1850
580,491
288,548
869,039


1860
661,563
331,059
992,662